SAMADHI BUDDHA STATUE
Mahamevuna Uyana. Anuradhapura , "Samadhi Budu Pilimaya" This limestone image of lord Buddha is dating from the 3rd Century. Seated under a Bo tree, depicts the Lord Buddha in the serene state of Samadhi, or deep meditation. It's not secret why the Great Indian statesman Jawaharlal Nehru found solace and strength in a photograph of this statue when he was imprisoned by the British in 1940s. The kindness of Lord Buddha flows through the half closed eyes, Watch as as long as you like. This is the finest Meditation Buddha statue in the whole World.
6th Century Gupta style carving. The woman, seated on the man's lap, lifts a warning finger, probably as a manifestation of her coyness; but the man carries on regardless."
The figures may represent Dutugemunu's son Saliya and the law caste (Sadol Kula) maiden Asokamala whom he loved. It's known that he gave up the throne for her.
SANDAKADA PAHANA ( The Moonstone )
The elaborate moonstone at its base is in itself a distinctive element of ancient sculpture in the island. These semi-circular slabs of granite or gneiss acquired increasingly complex bands of decorations over the years. They range from the near abstract tongues of fire and bands of creeper vines - to symbolic interpretations of the four perils of life
The latter consists of the elephant, a symbol of birth, the bull indicative of decay; the lion, resent in disease. and the geese, a symbol of death. Some also band of geese, which represents the dist between good, and evil. To some, the moon-stone is symbolic of transcending worldly temptations and achieving nibbane.
At the heart of many moonstones is a lotus petal. Buddhists regard the lotus as a sacred flower, a symbol of the male and female creative forces that prevails throughout Sri Lankan art, architecture, sculpture and literature. It figures in the legend attached to the birth of the Buddha, when seven lotuses sprang into bloom at his feet as he took the first seven steps of his life. The lotus bloomed again in profusion at the moment he reached the state of Enlightenment
The Twin Ponds. These 3rd Century monks' bathing pools are archaeologically perfect.
The water that feeds the ponds flows first into a filtering basin made of rock; It runs through a beautiful makara mouth and a lion's head into the smaller tank. A submarine conduit feeds the larger tank.
GUARD STONE (Naga King)
This is the finest of it's kind in Sri Lanka dated from 8th century AD and one of the climax of Sinhalease art works.
He is the god of water, The God of protection and with a vase of plenty which is a symbol of prosperity and carrying a flower stalk which is a symbol of pertility.
King figure is adorned with beautiful jewels and above it's head rise seven hooded cobras. It is said that he is from heaven and this is the moment he touches the floor.
SRI MAHABODHI TREE Nuwaragam Palata-East, Anuradhapura
This Bodhi tree is a sapling of the original Tree at which the Buddha sat as he attained enlightenment and was sent to Sri Lanka by King Dharmasoka through the Thero Sangamitta in response to the request made by King Devanampiyatissa. The tree flourishes to tis day at the samr site at which it was planted. This tree apart from being sacred to the aldest historicaltree of the world. Kings who came to the throne after Devanampiyatissa have embellished the site with prakaras, makara arches, flights of steps etc. Channels too had been constructed for conveying the water required for watering the tree.
RUWANVELISEYA Nuwaragam Palata-East, Anuradhapura
This dageba 300 ft. in diameter was constructed by King Dutugemunu (167-137 BC) the first great hero of the Sinhalese. The original height of the dagoba was also about the same. Dutugemunu was, however, unable to complete the work on the dagoba. Broad flights of steps are founf at the enterance of the sand strewn courtyard as well as the paved tenace of the dagoba. The retaining wall was covered with figures of elephants in frontal aspect represented as standing cheek by jowl. At the four cardinal points of the dagoba are four vahalkadas (frontispieces) which have preserved some very old sculptures. Work on this dagoba has been done time and again after the day of King Dutugemunu. The Mahavansa records that the 3 floral terraces were encased in stone work in the reing of Lajjitissa (119-109 BC).
GEDIGE, Anuradhapura Nuwaragam Palata-East, Anuradhapura
There are the remains of a brick structure near the ancient temple of the Tooth Relic at Anuradhapura . This building known as the Gedige did not have any wood used in its atructure, the doors and windows being of stone. Although the history of this structure, is not known. It exemplifies a special type of structure wholly built of brick and having a domical roof.